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The Vow and Dedication of Samuel

1 Samuel 1:9-20 | Part 3


 


 

1 Samuel 1:9-20 CSB

9 On one occasion, Hannah got up after they ate and drank at Shiloh [and presented herself before the LORD]. The priest Eli was sitting on a chair by the doorpost of the Lord’s temple. 10 Deeply hurt, Hannah prayed to the Lord and wept with many tears.

11 Making a vow, she pleaded, “Lord of Armies, if you will take notice of your servant’s affliction, remember and not forget me, and give your servant a son, I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and [no razor will go up on his head].”


12 While she continued praying in the Lord’s presence, Eli watched her mouth. 13 Hannah was praying silently, and though her lips were moving, her voice could not be heard. Eli thought she was drunk 14 and said to her, “How long are you going to be drunk? Get rid of your wine!”


15 “No, my lord,” Hannah replied. “I am a woman with a broken heart. I haven’t had any wine or beer; I’ve been pouring out my heart before the Lord. 16 Don’t think of me as a wicked woman; I’ve been praying from the depth of my anguish and resentment.”


17 Eli responded, “Go in peace, and may the God of Israel grant the request you’ve made of him.”


18 “May your servant find favor with you,” she replied. Then Hannah went on her way; she ate and no longer looked despondent.


Samuel’s Birth and Dedication

19 The next morning Elkanah and Hannah got up early to worship before the Lord. Afterward, they returned home to Ramah. Then Elkanah was intimate with his wife Hannah, and the Lord remembered her. 20 After some time, Hannah conceived and gave birth to a son. She named him Samuel,[g] because she said, “I requested him from the Lord.”


[RECAP]


  • Remember…

  • 1 SAMUEL. This is Biblical NARRATIVE.

  • It’s a STORY.

  • WHO are the characters?


2 He had two wives, the first named Hannah and the second Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah was childless. 3 This man would go up from his town every year to worship and to sacrifice to the LORD of Armies at Shiloh, where Eli’s two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were the LORD’s priests.


  • We have the CHARACTERS:

  • Elkanah

  • Peninnah

  • Hannah

  • Eli

  • Hophni

  • Phinehas

  • The SETTING is Shiloh, where the LORD’s temple is…

  • And where Hophni & Phinehas are priests

  • The CONFLICT: Hannah was childless


9 On one occasion, Hannah got up after they ate and drank at Shiloh [and presented herself before the LORD]. The priest Eli was sitting on a chair by the doorpost of the Lord’s temple. 


  • Why do the authors include the fact that he’s sitting on a chair?

  • Better translation: “Eli was sitting on the seat.”

  • This seat denotes Authority. Stature. Prominence. Position.

  • Original readers would have known that Eli is the high priest of Israel.


10 Deeply hurt, Hannah prayed to the LORD and wept with many tears. 11 Making a vow, she pleaded, “LORD of Armies, if you will take notice of your servant’s affliction, remember and not forget me, and give your servant a son, I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and [no razor will go up on his head].”


  • The phrase is: Deeply Distressed. Filled with Anguish.

  • It was the main task of a woman to have children and raise children.

  • What was her purpose?

  • What was God’s purpose in NOT allowing her to bear children?

  • Why was The LORD afflicting her in this way?

  • What is your affliction?

  • Can you relate to Hannah at all?


11 Making a vow, she pleaded, “LORD of Armies, if you will take notice of your servant’s affliction, remember and not forget me, and give your servant a son, I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and [no razor will go up on his head].”


  • Is this how we pray?

  • Do you plead with God?

12 While she continued praying in the LORD’s presence, Eli watched her mouth. 13 Hannah was praying silently, and though her lips were moving, her voice could not be heard. Eli thought she was drunk 14 and said to her, “How long are you going to be drunk? Get rid of your wine!”


  • More character development…

  • Eli…he’s a judge…with horrible judgment.


15 “No, my lord,” Hannah replied. “I am a woman with a broken heart. I haven’t had any wine or beer; I’ve been pouring out my heart before the LORD. 16 Don’t think of me as a wicked woman; I’ve been praying from the depth of my anguish and resentment.”


  • Hannah is humble

  • She confesses to Eli

  • Hannah is honest

  • Are we REALLY honest like this?

  • Are we REALLY honest like this with God in our prayers?

  • Job never gets an explanation for his suffering.

  • Some of us will NEVER have our prayers answered.

  • No one prays to God like Hannah unless they believe that God exists.


17 Eli responded, “Go in peace, and may the God of Israel grant the request you’ve made of him.”


  • We have access to a better priest

  • We have access to Jesus


Hebrews 4:14-16 CSB

14 Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens—Jesus the Son of God—let us hold fast to our confession. 15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who has been tempted in every way as we are, yet without sin. 16 Therefore, let us approach the throne of grace with boldness, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in time of need.


  • We have access to a better priest

  • We have access to Jesus

  • And He is praying for us right now!


18 “May your servant find favor with you,” she replied. Then Hannah went on her way; she ate and no longer looked despondent.


  • The name Hannah means: “favor’


Samuel’s Birth and Dedication

19 The next morning Elkanah and Hannah got up early to worship before the Lord. Afterward, they returned home to Ramah. Then Elkanah was intimate with his wife Hannah, and the Lord remembered her. 20 After some time, Hannah conceived and gave birth to a son. She named him Samuel,[g] because she said, “I requested him from the Lord.”


  • And the LORD remembered her.

  • The name Samuel actually means: “God has heard.”

  • Do you know that God hears you?

  • Do you know that God sees you?


  • In 1 Samuel chapter 1:

  • Elkanah = 7 times

  • Peninnah = 3 times

  • Eli = 6 times

  • Hannah = 15 times

  • LORD = 24 times


  • This story is GOD’S STORY



Turn your eyes upon Jesus,

Look full in His wonderful face,

And the things of earth will grow strangely dim,

In the light of His glory and grace.



Psalm 37:4-7 ESV

4 Delight yourself in the Lord,

    and he will give you the desires of your heart.

5 Commit your way to the Lord;

    trust in him, and he will act.

6 He will bring forth your righteousness as the light,

    and your justice as the noonday.

7 Be still before the Lord and wait patiently for him;

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